Promoting the private sector engagement through the Partnership to Strengthen Transparency for co-Innovation (PaSTI)
- Ministry of the Environment, Japan
- World Resources Institute
- Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center, Japan
In order to implement the Paris Agreement as an effective framework, it is indispensable to keep enhancing transparency of reporting fundamental information on climate change countermeasures and their impacts through system development and institutional arrangement. Also, enhanced contribution to climate change actions from the non-state actors will be expected in the coming years.
With these background, Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOEJ) established “Partnership to Strengthen Transparency for co-Innovation (PaSTI)” in cooperation with World Resources Institute (WRI) at COP23 in 2017. PaSTI highlights added-values to existing initiatives on transparency, and promotes engagement of the private sector and local government by identifying incentive mechanisms and developing critical tools. The PaSTI was already endorsed by the ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change (AWGCC) for its climate action in 2019. It was also confirmed as a bilateral agreement between National Development Planning Agency (BAPPENAS), Indonesia and the MOEJ to enhance Measurement, Evaluation and Reporting (MER) system in Indonesia.
This side event bigins with opening remarks by the Minister of MOEJ and of BAPPENAS, the chair of AWGCC, and CEO of WRI, and hold a discussion on current transparency actions in ASEAN countries, and benefit and challenges of the private sector engagement by inviting representatives from BAPPENAS, Singapore (Chair of AWGCC) and WRI.
- Mr. Yoshiaki Harada, Minister, Ministry of the Environment, Japan
- Prof. Dr. Bambang P.S. Brodjonegoro, Minister, Ministry of National Development Planning, Indonesia (BAPPENAS) Presentation (PDF, 1.2MB)
- Mr. Cheang Kok Chung, Chair, ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change
- Dr. Andrew Steer, CEO, World Resources Institute
- Ir. Medrilzam, Director, Environmental Affairs, Ministry of National Development Planning, Indonesia (BAPPENAS) Presentation (PDF, 3.3MB)
- Ms. Rohaya Sharom, AWGCC National Focal Point, Singapore, ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change
- Ms. Yamide Dagnet, Senior Associate, International Climate Action, World Resources Institute
- Mr. Makoto Kato, Principle Researcher, Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center
- Ms. Emiko Matsuda, Senior Researcher, Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center Presentation (PDF, 1.9MB)
- At the beginning, Ms. Matsuda, Senior Researcher of OECC, introduced the background and concept of PaSTI, and the efforts of the private sector. While voluntary efforts on climate change by private sector are spreading, differences among countries exist as barriers.
- Mr. Andrew Steer, CEO of WRI, mentioned the importance of grasping GHG emissions in each country and the dialogue between the private sector and the national government, hoping for PaSTI to contribute to achieving the ambitious goal of Indonesia.
- Minister Harada of MOEJ introduced climate change activities in Japan such as MRV system, promotion of SBT, and the launch of GOSAT-2. He also expressed his hope that this side event would serve as a good opportunity to facilitate exchange of knowledge and experiences among the nations.
- Minister Bun Bang of BAPPENAS touched upon the signing ceremony of Letter of Intent between MOEJ and BAPPENAS held in September 2018, and the five objectives of PaSTI initiative in Indonesia.
- Mr. Chun, Chairperson of the AWGCC, showed the challenges and backgrounds of climate change in the ASEAN region and hoped that cooperation with PaSTI would bring resilience to ASEAN countries.
- In the panel discussion, the following four speakers were invited.
- In the presentation by Mr. Medrilzam, Director of BAPPENAS, it was stated that PaSTI aims to build an integrated framework with existing MRV system so that more information can be collected from the private sector.
- Ms. Saharom (ASEAN Working Group Singapore Focal Point) introduced Singapore's experience in preparing for the introduction of carbon taxes mentioning the importance of dialogue between the government and the private sector and of securing human and financial resources.
- Mr. Kato (Chief Researcher of OECC) emphasized the importance of raising the motivation of the private sector, and cited examples of stock trading and CDP efforts in other countries. He also stated that it is important to collect comparable data while considering the differences among respective industries and companies.
- Ms. Dagnet (Senior Associate of WRI) mentioned the necessity of developing a rulebook and platform for the Paris agreement, collaboration with other initiatives, and communication between the government and the business community.
- Enhancing transparency in the private sector is extremely important for the implementation of NDC and climate change actions in the region, and for creation of innovation.
- While government is leading various initiatives including climate change countermeasures and MRV building etc., and the private sector are also voluntarily participating in CDP, SBT and formulating its long-term strategy, there is a lack of cooperation between each other.
- In order to strengthen transparency, dialogue between the government and the private sector, establishment of incentive schemes to encourage private sector engagement, and development of guidelines and platforms are considered necessary.
- Finally, this side event enjoyed a large turnout and was a great opportunity to widely disseminate the activities of PaSTI.